Apatite- and Monazite-Bearing Glass-Crystal Composites for the Immobilization of Low-Level Nuclear and Hazardous Wastes
This study demonstrates that glass-crystal composite waste forms can be produced from waste streams containing high proportions of phosphorus, transition metals, and/or halides. The crystalline phases produced in crucible-scale melts include apatite, monazite, spinels, and a Zr-Si-Fe-Ti phase. These phases readily incorporated radionuclide and toxic metals into their crystal structures, while corrosion tests have demonstrated that glass-crystal composites can be up to 300-fold more durable than simulated high-level nuclear waste glasses, such as SRL 202U.
D. J. Wronkiewicz et al., "Apatite- and Monazite-Bearing Glass-Crystal Composites for the Immobilization of Low-Level Nuclear and Hazardous Wastes," Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 412, pp. [d]345-352, Materials Research Society (MRS), Nov 1996.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-412-345
1995 MRS Fall Symposium (1995: Nov. 27-30, Boston, MA)
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Corrosion; Crystal Structure; Crystals; Glass; Hazardous Materials; Minerals; Monazite; Phosphorus; Radioactive Waste Vitrification; Radioisotopes; Transition Metals; Apatite; Corrosion Tests; Glass Crystal Composite Waste Forms; Halides; Composite Materials
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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