A Model for Multiple Transport Mechanisms Through Nanopores of Shale Gas Reservoirs with Real Gas Effect-Adsorption-Mechanic Coupling
Multiple transport mechanisms coexist in nanopores of shale gas reservoirs with complex pore size distribution and different gas-storage processes, including continuum flow, slip flow and transition flow of bulk gas and surface diffusion for adsorbed gas. The force between gas molecules and the volume of the gas molecules themselves cannot be negligible in shale gas reservoirs with high pressure and nanoscale pores, influences gas transport and must be taken into account as a real gas effect. During depressurization development of shale gas reservoirs, the adsorbed gas desorption and a decrease in an adsorption layer influence gas transport. Meanwhile, due to the stress dependence, decreases in intrinsic permeability, porosity and a pore diameter also influence gas transport. In this work, a unified model for gas transport in organic nanopores of shale gas reservoirs is presented, accounting for the effects of coupling the real gas effect, stress dependence and an adsorption layer on gas transport. This unified model is developed by coupling a bulk gas transport model and an adsorbed gas surface diffusion model. The bulk gas transport model is validated with published molecular simulation data, and the adsorbed gas surface diffusion model is validated with published experimental data. The results show that (1) in comparison with the previous models, the bulk gas transport model developed on the basis of a weighted superposition of slip flow and Knudsen diffusion can more reasonably describe bulk gas transport, (2) surface diffusion is an important transport mechanism, and its contribution cannot be negligible and even dominates in nanopores with less than 2 nm in diameter, and (3) the effect of stress dependence on fluid flow in shale gas reservoirs is significantly different from that in conventional gas reservoirs, and is related to not only the shale matrix mechanical properties and the effective stress but also the gas transport mechanisms.
K. Wu et al., "A Model for Multiple Transport Mechanisms Through Nanopores of Shale Gas Reservoirs with Real Gas Effect-Adsorption-Mechanic Coupling," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 93, pp. 408-426, Elsevier Ltd, Feb 2016.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.10.003
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Knudsen Diffusion; Nanopores; Shale Gas Reservoirs; Slip Flow; Surface Diffusion; Adsorption; Digital Storage; Flow Of Fluids; High Pressure Effects; Mechanisms; Molecular Structure; Molecules; Pore Size; Stresses; Transport Properties; Gas Transport Mechanisms; Intrinsic Permeability; Molecular Simulations; Transport Mechanism; Gases
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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