A Modification of Freeze-Core Technology for Collecting Granular Fluvial Sediment Samples
The presence of coarse-grained sediment can potentially reduce the effectiveness of conventional sampling methods in recovering fluvial sediments. A modification to freeze-core technology was used to collect fine to coarse sands, silts, and clays in fluvial deposits that contain significant amounts of gravels, cobbles, and boulders for the purpose of characterizing the extent of heavy metal contamination. This modification uses either a 2.5 or 2.9 cm diameter by 30-cm- long finned mechanical or hand-driven samplers. The sediment is frozen to the outside of the sampler by injecting liquid CO2 into the sampler. The fins protect the sample from coarse material upon removal. Field testing and laboratory testing of the method were completed to establish a methodology and assess possible cross contamination of the sediment layers during the driving of the sampler. The results indicated that this method is effective for recovering non-cohesive sediment samples at depths up to 6 m for the purpose of characterizing the extent of heavy metal contamination.
D. C. Smith and A. C. Elmore, "A Modification of Freeze-Core Technology for Collecting Granular Fluvial Sediment Samples," Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 71, no. 9, pp. 4149-4156, Springer Verlag, May 2014.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-013-2805-1
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Artificial freezing; Coarse grain; Freeze-core; Tailings; Carbon dioxide; Coarse-grained sediments; Cross contamination; Fluvial sediment; Heavy metal contamination; Laboratory testing; Sediment samples; alluvial deposit
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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