Reservoir wettability plays an important role in various oil recovery processes. The origin and evolution of reservoir wettability were critically reviewed to better understand the complexity of wettability due to interactions in crude oil-brine-rock system, with introduction of different wetting states and their influence on fluid distribution in pore spaces. The effect of wettability on oil recovery of waterflooding was then summarized from past and recent research to emphasize the importance of wettability in oil displacement by brine. The mechanism of wettability alteration by different surfactants in both carbonate and sandstone reservoirs was analyzed, concerning their distinct surface chemistry, and different interaction patterns of surfactants with components on rock surface. Other concerns such as the combined effect of wettability alteration and interfacial tension (IFT) reduction on the imbibition process was also taken into account. Generally, surfactant induced wettability alteration for enhanced oil recovery is still in the stage of laboratory investigation. The successful application of this technique relies on a comprehensive survey of target reservoir conditions, and could be expected especially in low permeability fractured reservoirs and forced imbibition process.
Y. Wang et al., "Surfactant Induced Reservoir Wettability Alteration: Recent Theoretical and Experimental Advances in Enhanced Oil Recovery," Petroleum Science, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 463-476, China University of Petroleum Beijing, Dec 2011.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12182-011-0164-7
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR); Reservoir; Surfactant; Wettability Alteration
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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