Title

A Comprehensive Review of Polyacrylamide Polymer Gels for Conformance Control

Abstract

Polymer gels have been designed and successfully applied to improve sweep efficiency and to reduce excessive water production by minimizing reservoir heterogeneity. Based on their compositions and application conditions, polyacrylamide polymer gels can be classified into three types: in-situ monomer-based gel, in-situ polymer-based gels, and preformed particle gels. Initially, in-situ monomer gels which are mainly composed of acrylamide were developed for water shutoff. Conventional in-situ polymer gels include metal-cross linked polyacrylamide gels and organic-cross linked polyacrylamide gels. Preformed gels include preformed particle gels, pH sensitive microgels, and micro- and nano-gels. A few directions are suggested for future research on novel gels, such as gels used for in-depth fluid diversion and gels for severe reservoir environments.

Department(s)

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Conformance Control; Enhanced Oil Recovery; In-Depth Fluid Diversion; Monomer-Based Gel; Polyacrylamide (PAM); Polymer Gels; Preformed Particle Gels; Efficiency Measurement; Future Prospect; Hydrocarbon Reservoir; PH; Research Work

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

18763804

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2015 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

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