Transverse Explosive Shock-Wave Compression of Nd₂Fe₁₄B High-Energy Hard Ferromagnets: Induced Magnetic Phase Transition
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Investigations of the magnetic phase state of Nd2Fe14B high-energy hard ferromagnets under the action of an explosive shock wave traveling across the magnetization vector, M, have been performed. We demonstrate that the transverse shock-wave compression of an Nd2Fe14B hard ferromagnet with pressure at the shock wave front of P = 22.3 GPa causes a hard ferromagnet — to — weak magnet phase transition. Due to this phase transition, the magnetostatic energy stored for an indefinite period of time in the Nd2Fe14B ferromagnet is released within a short time interval and can be transformed into pulsed primary power. Based on this effect we have developed a new type of ultracompact (volumes from 9 to 50 cm3) autonomous explosive-driven source of primary power that is capable of powering a magnetic flux compression generator with current up to 4 kA, and of charging high-voltage Arkadiev-Marx type generator capacitor banks.