Pulse Charging of Capacitor Bank by Explosive-driven Shock Wave Ferroelectric Generator
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Ultracompact explosive-driven shock wave ferroelectric generators (FEGs) were used as autonomous primary power sources for charging capacitor banks of different capacitance. The FEGs utilized longitudinal (when the shock wave propagates along the polarization vector P) shock wave depolarization of Pb(Zr52Ti48)O3 (PZT) polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramic. PZT disks having diameters ranging from 25 to 27 mm and three different thicknesses: 0.65, 2.1, and 5.1 mm. It was experimentally shown that during the charging process the FEGs were capable of producing pulsed power with peak amplitudes up to 0.3 MW. Results for charging voltage, electric charge transfer and energy transfer from the FEGs to the capacitor banks of capacitances CL = 2.25, 4.5, 9.0, 18.0, and 36.0 nF are presented. Analysis of the experimental data shows that the maximum energy transfer from the FEG to the capacitor bank differs for each type of ferroelectric energy-carrying element, and is dependent upon the capacitance of the capacitor banks.