Intelligent Strain Sensing on a Smart Composite Wing using Extrinsic Fabry-Perot Interferometric Sensors and Neural Networks
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Strain prediction at various locations on a smart composite wing can provide useful information on its aerodynamic condition. The smart wing consisted of a glass/epoxy composite beam with three extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) sensors mounted at three different locations near the wing root. Strain acting on the three sensors at different air speeds and angles-of-attack were experimentally obtained in a closed circuit wind tunnel under normal conditions of operation. A function mapping the angle of attack and air speed to the strains on the three sensors was simulated using feedforward neural networks trained using a backpropagation training algorithm. This mapping provides a method to predict the stall condition by comparing the strain available in real time and the predicted strain by the trained neural network.