Quantifying Decoupling Capacitor Location
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Decoupling capacitor location in DC power bus design is a critical design choice for which proven guidelines are not well established. The mutual inductance between two closely spaced vias can have a great impact on the coupling between an IC and a decoupling capacitor. This coupling is a function of the spacing between the IC and capacitor, and spacing between power and ground layers. The impact of the mutual inductance on decoupling, i.e., local versus global decoupling, was studied, using a circuit extraction approach based on a mixed-potential integral equation. Modeling indicates that local decoupling has benefits over global decoupling for certain ranges of ICkapacitor spacing and power layer thickness. Design curves for evaluating local decoupling benefits were generated, which can be used to guide surface mount technology (SMT) decoupling capacitor placement.