Polyaniline Nanofiber-Based Gas Sensors
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There has been recent interest in conducting polymers that have very promising chemical and electrical applications. Some of these polymers have shown great potential for use in sensors.1 Polyaniline is one particular example of a prospective material. In our laboratory, we have studied the synthesis of polyaniline nanofibers. We have carried out one-pot syntheses to obtain polyaniline nanofibers in aqueous solutions where the polymerization was influenced by γ-radiation2 or UV-radiation.3 This polymer can also be patterned with an appropriate photo mask. In our present report, polyaniline nanofiber thin film sensors have been fabricated in one step by employing UV-irradiation and those sensors showed high sensitivity. Changes in conductivity were monitored with an electrometer as a function of time after the materials had been exposed to different gases. This simple gas sensing device can be used to detect many different gaseous types.