Title

A Functional Data Analysis Approach to Traffic Volume Forecasting

Abstract

Traffic volume forecasts are used by many transportation analysis and management systems to better characterize and react to fluctuating traffic patterns. Most current forecasting methods do not take advantage of the underlying functional characteristics of the time series to make predictions. This paper presents a methodology that uses functional principal components analysis to create high-quality online traffic volume forecasts. The methodology is validated with a data set of 1755 days of 15 min aggregated traffic volume time series. Compared with 365 randomly selected days, the functional forecasts are found to outperform traditional seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average-based methods in both count deviation and root mean squared error. In addition, through the functional data analysis approach the full exploitation of the continuous nature of the data can be achieved.

Department(s)

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering

Second Department

Mathematics and Statistics

Keywords and Phrases

functional data analysis; functional principal components analysis; Short term traffic volume forecasting

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1524-9050

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2018 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. (IEEE), All rights reserved.

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