Energy Dispatch Fuzzy Controller for a Grid-independent Photovoltaic System
This paper presents the development of an optimized fuzzy logic based photovoltaic (PV) energy dispatch controller using a swarm intelligence algorithm the PV system considered is grid-independent and consists of a fuzzy logic controller (FLC), PV arrays, battery storage, and two types of loads: a constant critical load and a time-varying non-critical load. The swarm intelligence applied in this paper is the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm and is used to optimize both membership functions and rule set of the FLC. by using PSO algorithm, the optimized FLC is able to maximize energy to the system loads while also maintaining a higher average state of battery charge. This optimized FLC is then compared with the standard energy dispatch controller, referred to as the “PV-priority” controller. The PV-priority controller attempts to power all loads and then charge the battery resulting on lesser number of days of power to critical loads unlike the optimized FLC.
R. L. Welch and G. K. Venayagamoorthy, "Energy Dispatch Fuzzy Controller for a Grid-independent Photovoltaic System," Energy Conversion and Management, Elsevier, May 2010.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2009.11.031
Electrical and Computer Engineering
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
United States. Department of Education
Keywords and Phrases
Energy Management; Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC); Grid Independent Photovoltaic System; Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)
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