Title

Refractive-Index Insensitive Long-Period Fiber Gratings Point-by-Point Inscribed by CO₂ Laser for Fiber Sensors and Lasers

Abstract

This paper reports a long-period fiber gratings(LPFG) fabricated on a double-clad fiber (DCF) by the CO2 laser point-by-point technique. The LPFG is tested by measuring temperature and refractive index (RI) of different liquids. The results show that the LPFG inscribed on the DCF has no measurable sensitivity to external RI but has a high sensitivity for temperature. The measured temperature sensitivity is ~0.11 nm/°C, about 10 times higher than that of conventional FBGs. Such LPFGs can be used as a modulator in fiber lasers or temperature/strain sensors in applications where the surrounding RI is prone to variation, such as simultaneous measurement of the temperature and RI of chemical reactions.

Meeting Name

SPIE OPTO (2012: Jan. 25-26, San Francisco, CA)

Department(s)

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Double-clad fiber; Fiber Sensor; High sensitivity; Long period fiber grating; Measuring temperature; Simultaneous measurement; Temperature sensitivity, Carbon dioxide; Diffraction gratings; Fiber lasers; Fiber optic sensors; Lasers; Refractive index, Fibers

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

9780819489005

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0277-786X

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2012 SPIE, All rights reserved.

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