In this paper, we demonstrate a fiber pigtailed thin wall capillary coupler for excitation of Whispering Gallery Modes (WGMs) of microsphere resonators. The coupler is made by fusion-splicing an optical fiber with a capillary tube and consequently etching the capillary wall to a thickness of a few microns. Light is coupled through the peripheral contact between inserted microsphere and the etched capillary wall. The coupling efficiency as a function of the wall thickness was studied experimentally. WGM resonance with a Q-factor of 1.14 x 104 was observed using a borosilicate glass microsphere with a diameter of 71 µm. The coupler operates in the reflection mode and provides a robust mechanical support to the microsphere resonator. It is expected that the new coupler may find broad applications in sensors, optical filters and lasers.
H. Wang et al., "Fiber Pigtailed Thin Wall Capillary Coupler for Excitation of Microsphere WGM Resonator," Optics Express, vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15834-15839, Optical Society of America, Jul 2013.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.015834
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Keywords and Phrases
Microspheres; Optical fibers; Q factor measurement; Resonators; Thin walled structures; Whispering gallery modes, Broad application; Capillary wall; Coupling efficiency; Fusion splicing; Mechanical support; Microsphere resonators; Reflection modes; Wall thickness, Borosilicate glass
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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