Exploiting "mineness" for Scatterable Minefield Detection
In a typical minefield detection problem, the minefield decision is based on the number of detected targets in a given field segment. The detected target locations are obtained by an anomaly detector, such as the RX, using constant target rate (CTR) or constant false alarm rate (CFAR) thresholding. Specific shape and spectral features at the detection locations are used to assign "mineness" or "non-mineness" measures to the detections, which are further used for false alarm mitigation (FM). The remaining detections after FM are used to assign a minefield metric based on a spatial point process (SPP) formulation. This paper investigates how this "mineness" attribute of the detected targets can be exploited to improve the performance of scatterable minefield detection over and above that which is possible by FM. The distribution of the detections in the segment is formulated as a marked point process (MPP), and the minefield decision is based on the log-likelihood ratio test of a binary hypothesis problem. An elegant, linear complexity algorithm is developed to maximize this log-likelihood ratio. An iterative expectation maximization algorithm is used to estimate the unknown probability of the detection of mines. The minefield detection performance, based on SPP with false alarm mitigation and MPP formulation under both CTR and CFAR thresholding methods, is compared using thousands of simulated minefields and background segments.
A. Trang et al., "Exploiting "mineness" for Scatterable Minefield Detection," Proceedings of SPIE, SPIE, Jan 2008.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.779585
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Mines (Military explosives)--Detection
Article - Conference proceedings
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