Space-time correlation functions between the links of MIMO Rayleigh fading channels are derived using a new three-dimensional (3-D) cylinder scattering model. Closed form, mathematically tractable formulas are obtained for the space-time correlation functions for general MIMO systems where the base station and mobile station antennas may be arranged in 3-D space. It is shown that the correlation functions computed by the 3-D cylinder model are of significant difference than those of the conventional 2-D Clarke''s isotropic scattering model for vertically placed antennas. The general formulas of the correlation functions includes the 2-D Clarke''s model and the 3-D SIMO, MISO models as special cases.
S. Leong et al., "Space-Time Fading Correlation Functions of a 3-D MIMO Channel Model," Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking, 2004. WCNC 2004, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Jan 2004.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1109/WCNC.2004.1311346
IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking, 2004. WCNC 2004
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
3D MIMO Channel Model; 3D Cylinder Scattering Model; MIMO Systems; Rayleigh Channels; Rayleigh Fading Channels; Antennas; Base Station Antennas; Electromagnetic Wave Scattering; Mobile Radio; Mobile Station Antennas; Space-Time Fading Correlation Functions
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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