The General Motors (GM) EV1 is an electric vehicle originally powered by either a PbA or NiMh battery pack. This paper examines the possibility of alternative powertrain configurations. These alternatives include an ultracapacitor (UC) storage system, fuel cell system with UC storage, and a fuel cell system with a NiMh battery pack. The configurations were simulated using ADVISOR. Parametric tests were performed by varying the size of the energy storage systems. The study of these combinations is followed by an examination of the current art of the hybrid energy storage topologies used to combine battery and ultracapacitor storage. These topologies include passive parallel, active parallel, cascade parallel, and multi-input bidirectional converter.
A. Saplin et al., "Parametric Study of Alternative EV1 Powertrains," Proceedings of the IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 2008, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Sep 2008.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/VPPC.2008.4677503
IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 2008
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
ADVISOR; Battery; Hybrid Energy Storage Topologies; Power Transmission (Mechanical); Secondary Cells; Supercapacitors; Electric vehicles; Lead; Nickel
Article - Conference proceedings
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