Doctoral Dissertations

Abstract

"Ion-exchange chromatography employing porous adsorbent particles or monoliths in which charged ligands are immobilized onto polymeric extender molecules grafted on the pore surfaces of a base matrix has become a very important method for bioseparations. In this dissertation, a novel fundamental and systematic methodology has been developed that uses the molecular dynamics (MD) modeling and simulation approach to rationally design, construct, and characterize polymeric porous adsorbent media and study the transport and adsorption of a charged biomolecule (desmopressin) in a representative adsorbent medium. The MD results have also been utilized in a macroscopic model to study the large-scale dynamic behavior of protein adsorption in the polymeric adsorbent media. The results in this dissertation show that the use of non-flat surfaces permits indirect control of the pore structure in the polymeric adsorbent media and provides computational efficiency for simulating such adsorption systems. By varying the polymeric extender surface density, different porous adsorbent media can be generated for different types of bioseparations. In these porous media, local nonelectroneutrality is found to exist and the spatial density distribution of immobilized ligands is most likely non-uniform. When such non-uniform ligand distributions have local maxima or minima along the direction of net transport, inner radial humps in the concentration profiles of adsorbed biomolecules can occur according to the macroscopic model, which also suggests use of confocal scanning laser microscopy for quality control of the adsorbent media. The charged adsorbate biomolecule exhibits decreased mass transport coefficients in the porous medium and its adsorption evolves from one-site to multi-site interactions"--Abstract, page iv.

Advisor(s)

Liapis, Athanasios I.
Wang, Jee C.

Committee Member(s)

Al-Dahhan, Muthanna H.
Neogi, P. (Partho), 1951-
Hale, Barbara N.

Department(s)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Chemical Engineering

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

2009

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Rational surface design for molecular dynamics simulations of porous polymer adsorbent media
  • Porous polymer adsorbent media constructed by molecular dynamics modeling and simulations: The immobilization of charged ligands and their effect on pore structure and local nonelectroneutrality
  • The design by molecular dynamics modeling and simulations of porous polymer adsorbent media immobilized on the throughpore surfaces of polymeric monoliths
  • Protein adsorption in porous polymeric adsorbent particles: A multi-scale modeling study on inner radial humps in the concentration profiles of adsorbed protein induced by non uniform ligand density distributions
  • Molecular dynamics simulation studies of the transport and adsorption of a charged biomolecule onto a charged ligand immobilized on the pore surfaces of a polymeric adsorbent medium

Pagination

xvii 189 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.

Rights

© 2009 Enrico Riccardi, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Biomolecules -- Separation
Ion exchange chromatography
Molecular dynamics
Adsorption

Thesis Number

T 10231

Print OCLC #

862975177

Electronic OCLC #

905906671

Link to Catalog Record

Electronic access to the full-text of this document is restricted to Missouri S&T users. Otherwise, request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.

http://laurel.lso.missouri.edu:80/record=b10158046~S5

Comments

Accompanying CD-ROM, available at Missouri S&T Library, contains Fortran 90 codes used for all five publications (papers 1-5)

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