Doctoral Dissertations

Keywords and Phrases

Arid silicicilastic coast; Holocene deposits; Sabkha; Saudi Arabia; Sedimentary facies; Stratigraphy

Abstract

"Holocene sedimentary deposits in Al Qahmah coast, southern Red Sea, in Saudi Arabia have been accumulated on an arid siliciclastic coast in a rift tectonic setting. This study provides a detail interpretation and analysis of sedimentary facies, stratigraphy, depositional environment, and major geological processes. Two studies have been undertaken. First, petrological study of composition and texture of modern sediments and facies mapping delineate facies distribution and mechanisms of sediment transport and deposition. A unique suite of complex riverine, wave, tidal, wind, and chemical and biological processes affect the composition, texture, and distribution of the facies. Second, the depositional environments of the Holocene deposits were interpreted on the basis of detailed lithofacies analysis and lithostratigraphic correlation, along with absolute age dating, using subsurface trenching and seismic refraction tomography (SRT) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) methods. Two major facies, underlying carbonate and overlying siliciclastic facies, were delineated. The carbonate facies are interpreted as shallow normal marine deposits. The siliciclastic facies are marginal marine and nonmarine coastal deposits. A disconformity and an erosional unconformity are identified, across which significant changes in tectonic and climatic conditions had occurred. This study presents a detailed sedimentologic, stratigraphic, environmental, and paleoclimatic reconstruction in modern and recent arid siliciclastic coast in a rift tectonic setting"--Abstract, page iv.

Advisor(s)

Yang, Wan

Committee Member(s)

Wronkiewicz, David J.
Oboh-Ikuenobe, Francisca
Anderson, Neil L. (Neil Lennart), 1954-
Abdel Salam, Mohamed G.

Department(s)

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Geology and Geophysics

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2015

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Sedimentology facies, depositional environments, and major controlling processes in an arid siliciclastic coast, Al Qahmah, SE, Red Sea, Saudi Arabia
  • Lithofacies and stratigraphy of recent sediments and their devotional environments, Al Qahmah coast, Southern Red Sea, Saudi Arabia

Pagination

xiii, 251 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.

Geographic Coverage

Saudi Arabia

Rights

© 2015 Abdullah Ibrahim Nabhan, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Geology, Stratigraphic -- Holocene
Sedimentology -- Saudi Arabia
Facies (Geology) -- Saudi Arabia
Sedimentary structures

Thesis Number

T 10831

Electronic OCLC #

936208841

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Dissertation Location

 
COinS