Doctoral Dissertations

Abstract

"In oxygen-deficient or toxic environments in which controlling the hazard is not feasible, workers wear personal protective respirators. Hazard controls include but are not limited to engineering controls, such as ventilation, and substituting less hazardous materials. However, respirator selection and the design of tasks that require respirators are critical issues. Understanding the effects of respirators on human abilities is critical to respirator selection and therefore to the safety and efficiency of workers. This research investigated the effect of respirators on human abilities. A review of the relevant literature was conducted, revealing that respirators can affect physiological, psychological, motor, and visual abilities. However, the effect varies with different types of respirators, environments and task types and difficulty levels. The details of this variance were identified and further investigated through experimentation. The study compared a dust respirator, powered-air purifying respirator and full-facepiece respirator in terms of their effect on fine motor, visual and cognitive tasks. Thirty participants performed the Hand Tool Dexterity test, Motor-Free Visual Perception test (MVPT-3) and Serial Seven test. Each participant performed each task without a respirator and then while wearing each type of respirator. Task completion time and error rate were measured as indicators of performance. Participants also were surveyed regarding respirator comfort, anxiety level, and perceived task difficulty. ANOVA, least significant difference, and least square means analyses showed that none of the respirators significantly affected task completion time. A significant increase was found in the error rate when participants performed the cognitive test while wearing the full-facepiece respirator"--Abstract, page iv.

Advisor(s)

Murray, Susan L.

Committee Member(s)

Sheng, Hong
Corns, Steven
Cudney, Elizabeth A.
Grantham Lough, Katie, 1979-

Department(s)

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Engineering Management

Sponsor(s)

Saudi Ministry of Higher Education's King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Scholarship

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2012

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Issues for consideration during respirator selection
  • Effects of wearing respirators on human fine motor, visual, and cognitive performance

Pagination

x, 64 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.

Rights

© 2012 Anas Ahmed AlGhamri, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Breathing apparatus -- Evaluation
Cognition
Decision making -- Psychological aspects
Human locomotion

Thesis Number

T 9995

Print OCLC #

815667962

Electronic OCLC #

793728091

Share

 
COinS