Keywords and Phrases
Free surface fluid flow with surface tension; Laser metal deposition; Numerical modeling; Solidification phase change
"Laser metal deposition is an additive manufacturing technique which allows quick fabrication of fully-dense metallic components directly from Computer Aided Design (CAD) solid models. A self-consistent three-dimensional model was developed for the laser metal deposition process by powder injection, which simulates heat transfer, phase changes, and fluid flow in the melt pool, The governing equations for solid, liquid and gas phases in the calculation domain have been formulated using the continuum model. The free surface in the melt pool has been tracked by the Volume of Fluid (VOF) method, while the VOF transport equation was solved using the Piecewise Linear Interface Calculation (PLIC) method. Surface tension was modeled by taking the Continuum Surface Force (CSF) model combined with a force-balance flow algorithm. Laser-powder interaction was modeled to account for the effects of laser power attenuation and powder temperature rise during the laser metal deposition process.
The governing equations were discretized in the physical space using the finite volume method. The advection terms were approximated using the MUSCL flux limiter scheme. The fluid flow and energy equations were solved in a coupled manner. The incompressible flow equations were solved using a two-step projection method, which requires a solution of a Poisson equation for the pressure field. The discretized pressure Poisson equation was solved using the ICCG (Incomplete Cholesky Conjugate Gradient) solution technique. The energy equation was solved by an enthalpy-based method. Temperature-dependent thermal-physical material properties were considered in the numerical implementation. The numerical model was validated by comparing simulations with experimental measurements"--Abstract, page iv.
Liou, Frank W.
Newkirk, Joseph William
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology
xi, 104 pages
© 2013 Zhiqiang Fan, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Injection molding of metals -- Mathematical models
Powder injection molding -- Mathematical models
Heat -- Transmission
Heat exchangers -- Fluid dynamics
Electronic OCLC #
Fan, Zhiqiang, "Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in laser metal deposition by powder injection" (2013). Doctoral Dissertations. 2227.