Doctoral Dissertations

Abstract

"Ultrafine grained (UFG) Al processed by severe plastic deformation (SPD) methods are characterized by high strength and a limited uniform ductility. Friction stir processing (FSP), an offshoot of friction stir welding has emerged as a new technique to produce UFG alloys. FSP-UFG Al alloys show a distinctly different behavior with higher uniform elongation and improved high cycle fatigue life as compared to other SPD processed variants. The objective of this work was to study the microstructural basis for such mechanical behavior in FSP-UFG Al alloys.

To study the mechanical behavior of FSP Al alloys, a subsize bending fatigue and uniaxial tensile test beds were designed. These subsize test systems were validated using commercial alloys for which standard handbook test data are available. A commercial Al-Li alloy in different microstructural conditions was investigated using the subsize fatigue test bed. The results indicated that grain shape, texture, precipitate type and precipitate distribution controlled the high cycle fatigue life.

To understand the mechanical behavior of UFG Al, an Al-Mg-Zn alloy was selected. The subsize high cycle fatigue tests conducted on this alloy show a significant difference in low angle boundary stability compared to their coarse grain counterpart. Key observations on the UFG Al-Mg-Zn alloy include: (a) Fatigue induced room temperature recrystallization. (b) Improved fatigue life at higher stresses (normalized) compared to corresponding coarse grained alloy in T6 condition. (c) Beneficial effect of distributed second phases on fatigue life through enhanced dislocation storage.

Subsize tensile tests conducted on the UFG Al alloy suggests, that dislocation annihilation controls the deformation process. The experimental data indicated that such annihilation mechanisms were active even within the matrix. The role of low angle boundaries with consequent boundary diffusion was found to be significant in this regard. A diffusion based model proposed for UFG Al ductility fits the expected stress-strain trend"--Abstract, page iv.

Advisor(s)

Mishra, Rajiv S.

Committee Member(s)

Kohser, Ronald A.
Chandrashekhara, K.
Miller, F. Scott, 1956-
Sankaran, Krishnan K.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Metallurgical Engineering

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

2010

Pagination

xiv, 115 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.

Rights

© 2010 Partha Sarathi De, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Aluminum alloys -- Ductility
Aluminum-lithium alloys -- Fatigue
Fractography
Nanostructured materials
Microscopy
Thermal analysis

Thesis Number

T 10233

Print OCLC #

859152111

Electronic OCLC #

859152332

Included in

Metallurgy Commons

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