"Olivine, pyroxene,and spinel were crystallized in the ternary system anorthite-forsterite-silica to which trace amounts of the transition metal ions Cr³⁺, Fe²⁺, Mn²⁺, Co²⁺, Ni²⁺, and Cu²⁺ had been added. The resulting concentrations of the transition metal ions in the liquid and crystalline phases were determined using the electron microprobe. The results, given as free energies and partition functions, indicate the order of substitution of the dipositive ions in all crystals to be Ni²⁺, Co²⁺, Mn²⁺, Cu²⁺, and Fe²⁺ according to the predictions of crystal field theory. The ion Cr³⁺ substituted in greater or lesser quantities depending on the crystalline phase. The data at different temperatures permitted the calculation of the entropy function for each element. The results demonstrate that the higher concentrations of trace elements in crystals at lower temperatures are largely due to the entropy function, i.e. ΔS is negative. The modification of the crystallization paths of this system by the small amounts of trace elements indicates the need for further study in this area"--Abstract, page ii.
Hagni, Richard D.
Webb, William H.
Proctor, Paul Dean, 1918-1999
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Ph. D. in Geology
V. H. McNutt Memorial Foundation
University of Missouri--Rolla
x, 249 pages
© 1971 Melvin Leroy Bird, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Transition metal ions -- Analysis
Electron probe microanalysis
Print OCLC #
Electronic OCLC #
Link to Catalog Record
Bird, Melvin Leroy, "Distribution of trace elements in olivines and proxenes - an experimental study" (1971). Doctoral Dissertations. 2159.