"Reinforced concrete (RC) columns of skewed and curved bridges with unequal spans and column heights can be subjected to combined loading including axial, flexure, shear, and torsion loads during earthquakes. The combination of axial loads, shear force, and flexural and torsional moments can result in complex failure modes of RC bridge columns. This study carried out experimental and analytical studies to investigate the seismic performance of circular RC columns under combined loading including torsion. The main variables considered here were (i) the ratio of torsion-to-bending moment (T/M), (ii) the ratio of bending moment-to-shear (M/V) or shear span (H/D), and (iii) the level of detailing for high and moderate seismicity (high or low spiral ratio). In particular, the effects of the spiral reinforcement ratio and shear span on strength and ductility of circular RC columns under combined loading were addressed. In addition, the effects of torsional loading on the bending moment-curvature, ductility, and energy dissipation characteristics were also considered. The analytical investigation examined the development of existing models for flexure and pure torsion. Interaction diagrams between bending, shear and torsional loads were established from a semi-empirical approach. A damage-based design approach for circular RC columns under combined loads was proposed by decoupling damage index models for flexure and torsion. Experimental and analytical results showed that the progression of damage was amplified by an increase in torsional moment. An increase in the transverse spiral reinforcement ratio delayed the progression of damage and changed the torsional-dominated behavior to flexural-dominated behavior under combined flexural and torsional moments"--Abstract, page iii.
LaBoube, Roger A.
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Ph. D. in Civil Engineering
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
National University Transportation Center
Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation
Missouri University of Science and Technology
xviii, 316 pages
© 2009 Suriya Prakash Shanmugam, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Axial loads -- Testing
Columns, Concrete -- Fatigue
Concrete bridges -- Foundations and piers
Reinforced concrete construction
Print OCLC #
Electronic OCLC #
Link to Catalog Record
Shanmugam, Suriya Prakash, "Seismic behavior of circular reinforced concrete bridge columns under combined loading including torsion" (2009). Doctoral Dissertations. 1998.