Doctoral Dissertations

Title

The influence of ammonia and carbon dioxide on the sorption of basic (alkaline) organic pollutants onto indoor surfaces

Abstract

"Sorptive interactions with indoor surfaces strongly influence indoor exposure to organic pollutants. The surface capacity of a volatile amine, a basic compound, is influenced by a common indoor gaseous acid, CO₂, and base, NH₃. Experimental results show that CO₂ tends to cause a mineral surface (zirconium silicate) and carpet to store more amine, but NH₃ tends to decrease the surface capacity of zirconium silicate, carpet and latex-painted gypsum board. Hypotheses testing along with the studies of surface characterizations and molecular interactions with an amine suggests that sorption of an amine to these indoor materials is primarily a surface phenomenon. However, dissolution of an amine and acid-base chemistry in the bulk surface water may also contribute to the overall sorptive capacity of carpet at high relative humidity. This fundamental research is a first step towards better understanding indoor exposures to amines such as nicotine, pyridine, etc."--Abstract, leaf iii.

Advisor(s)

Morrison, Glenn

Committee Member(s)

Fitch, Mark W.
Whitefield, Philip D.
Burken, Joel G. (Joel Gerard)
Adams, C. D. (Craig D.)

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Civil Engineering

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

Spring 2006

Pagination

xii, 300 leaves

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (leaves 289-299).

Rights

© 2006 Maneerat Ongwandee, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Citation

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Adsorption
Amines
Indoor air pollution
Surface chemistry

Thesis Number

T 9005

Print OCLC #

166908523

Link to Catalog Record

Full-text not available: Request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.

http://laurel.lso.missouri.edu/record=b5946429~S5

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