Doctoral Dissertations

Abstract

"Metallic tubes filled with C-4 high-explosive and constructed of either aluminum or copper were tested during this study of high strain rate effects within thin metal cylinders performed as an adjunct to helical flux-compression generator research at the University of Missouri-Rolla. This study directly affects the understanding of flux cut-off and high strain-rate changes in an expanding metal cylinder (the armature of a flux-compression generator) as part of the explosive-driven generator study. In this study, premature longitudinal cracks characteristically developed in the outer surface of the armature tubing at a much smaller expansion ratio than predicted by theory. These cracks occurred within about two diameters of the armature end containing the detonator, but the cracks did not extend as would be expected when the tubing expanded under explosive pressurization. Such cracks are a cause of magnetic flux cut-off in generators, and such flux losses seriously affect generators' energy conversion efficiency. Energy, timing, and structural analyses were performed which showed that detonation pressurization was not the cause of the premature fracturing. Shock wave effects were examined, and found to be the cause of the fracturing. Numerical modeling was performed utilizing a two-dimensional Lagrangian finite-difference technique to analyze the effect of the explosive detonation wave on the armature metallic structure. When the explosive charge is initiated, the detonation wave which results is compressive, and the shock waves resulting from its transmission into a thin metal armature cause both compressive and tensile regions, posing an extremely complex stress field within the cylinder and causing low-cycle fatigue in the structure. This stress field directly affects how the tube structure fractures when it is impulsively loaded by high pressure gases as a result of the detonation. The end result is that shock wave effects can be isolated during generator operation, given proper generator design and construction, allowing for more efficient generators in practice"--Abstract, page iii.

Advisor(s)

Worsey, Paul Nicholas

Committee Member(s)

Bullock, Richard Lee, 1929-
Golosinski, Tad S.
Stevens, M. Merrill
Nanni, Antonio

Department(s)

Mining and Nuclear Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Mining Engineering

Sponsor(s)

United States. Defense Research and Engineering
United States. Air Force. Office of Scientific Research

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

Summer 2001

Pagination

xvi, 200 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 193-199).

Rights

© 2001 Jason Baird, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Shock waves -- Mathematical models
Strains and stresses
Fracture mechanics

Thesis Number

T 7936

Print OCLC #

48269347

Electronic OCLC #

905546430

Link to Catalog Record

Electronic access to the full-text of this document is restricted to Missouri S&T users. Otherwise, request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.

http://laurel.lso.missouri.edu/record=b4708274~S5

Comments

  • This work was primarily funded by the U.S. Director of Defense Research & Engineering (DDR&E) and managed through the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR). This was done via AFOSR's Multi-disciplinary research program of the University Research Initiative for 1998 (MURI 98), Explosive-Driven Power Generation program.
  • Accompanying CD-ROM, available at Missouri S&T Library, features text and color images of text.


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