Vertical Profiles of Aeolian Sand Mass Flux
Vertical profiles of the horizontal mass flux of blown sand are investigated experimentally using a passive vertical array in a wind tunnel. Considering lower sampling efficiency of the sand trap in the near-bed region, this investigation is complemented by the measurements of the longitudinal profiles of mass flux made using a horizontal sand trap. The experiments were conducted with two test sands and five different stream velocities. In the upper part of the vertical profile, the measured data exhibit an exponential decay distribution with a positive deviation occurring in the near-bed region. The measured longitudinal profiles are similar to the measured vertical profiles. Linking both profiles and the modes of sand transport, it is possible that saltating sand grains give rise to the well-known exponential decay distribution of mass flux, and that creeping and reptating grains force a deviation from it. A simple equation applicable for both the vertical and the longitudinal sand mass flux variations is introduced and the parameters are estimated from experimental data.
J. R. Ni et al., "Vertical Profiles of Aeolian Sand Mass Flux," Geomorphology, Elsevier, Jan 2003.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-555X(02)00169-1
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
National Natural Science Foundation (China)
Keywords and Phrases
Mass Flux Profile; Sand Trap; Trap Efficiency; Wind Tunnel Experiment
Article - Journal
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