Analytical and Finite-Element Modeling of FRP-Concrete-Steel Double-Skin Tubular Columns


This paper presents a finite-element (FE) analysis of hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-concrete-steel double-skin tube (FSDT) in the form of columns. The FSDT columns that were examined consisted of a concrete wall sandwiched between an outer FRP tube and an inner steel tube. A FE software was used to develop a pushover analysis of three-dimensional FSDT models to simulate seismic loading. The FE models were validated against the experimental results gathered from seven FSDT columns tested under cyclic loading. The FE analysis results were in good agreement with the experimental backbone curves. The maximum error was 9% in predicting the bending strengths of the columns. A parametric study evaluated the effect of axial load level, concrete wall thickness, concrete strength, diameter-to-thickness ratio (D/t) of the steel tube, and number of FRP layers on the FSDT columns' behavior. This study revealed that the behavior of FSDT columns is quite complex. It also revealed that this behavior is controlled by the interactions that occur among the steel tube's stiffness, the concrete wall's stiffness, and the FRP hoop's stiffness. Local buckling occurred in all of the specimens examined. This buckling caused the FSDT system to rupture. Two modes of failure were defined as follows: (1) steel/concrete compression failure, and (2) FRP rupture. Compression failure was relatively gradual whereas failure due to FRP rupture was quite abrupt. Finally, the bending strength increased as the applied axial load, concrete compressive strength, and number of FRP layers increased. The bending strength also increased as both the concrete wall's thickness and the D/t decreased.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Axial loads; Beams and girders; Bending strength; Bridges; Composite structures; Compressive strength; Concretes; Construction; Fiber reinforced plastics; Piers; Precast concrete; Reinforced concrete; Seismology; Steel fibers; Stiffness; Structural analysis; Tubes (components); Tubular steel structures; Compression failure; Concrete compressive strength; Concrete filled tubes; Concrete strength; Diameter-to-thickness ratios; Lateral loads; Push-over analysis; Seismic; Finite element method; Concrete-filled tubes; FEM; Precast concrete

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), All rights reserved.