Title

Removal of Arsenic from Water Using Granular Ferric Hydroxide: Macroscopic and Microscopic Studies

Abstract

Removal of arsenate from water using granular ferric hydroxide (GFH) was investigated under different pH and As(V) loading conditions, using batch equilibrium adsorption, FTIR, and EXAFS methods. the arsenate adsorption envelopes on GFH exhibited broad adsorption maxima when the initial As(V) concentration was less than 500 mg/L at sorbent concentration of 10 g/L. as the initial As(V) concentration increased to 500, 1000 or 2000 mg/L for the same sorbent concentration, distinct adsorption maxima appeared and shifted to lower pH. Acidimetric-alkalimetric titration and arsenic adsorption isotherm data indicated that the surface of GFH is high heterogeneous. FTIR spectra revealed that complexes of two different structures, bidentate and monodentate, were formed upon the adsorption of arsenate on GFH, and bidentate complexes were only observed at pH values greater than 6. the EXAFS analyses confirmed that arsenate form bidentate binuclear complexes with GFH at pH 7.4 as evidenced by an average Fe-As(V) bond distance of 3.32 Å.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Second Department

Chemistry

Keywords and Phrases

Adsorption; Arsenic; EXAFS; FTIR; Granular Ferric Hydroxide; Water

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2007 Elsevier, All rights reserved.


Share

 
COinS