The Mössbauer spectra of Th2Fe17 and Th2Fe17N2.6 have been measured at various temperatures between 85 and 295 K and analyzed with a model that is based on the Wigner-Seitz cell environment of each iron site, the orientation of the magnetization, and the magnetic moments as determined from either neutron-diffraction measurements or band-structure calculations. Upon nitrogenation of Th2Fe17, the 85 K weighted average isomer shift increases from 0.037 to 0.156 mm/s and further the isomer shifts of the four crystallographically distinct sites increase in agreement with the increase observed in their Wigner-Seitz cell volumes and the presence of a nitrogen near neighbor for two of the sites. The nonmagnetic thorium in Th2Fe 17N2.6 yields an easy axis of magnetization which, in contrast to magnetic rare earths in R2Fe17 and R 2Fe17Nx, is in a general basal direction and not oriented along one of the basal axes. The isomer shift and its temperature dependence for both Th2Fe17 and its nitride are very similar to those observed in related rare-earth R2Fe17 compounds and their nitrides. Upon nitrogenation of Th2Fe 17, the 85 K weighted average hyperfine field increases from 256.3 to 336.5 kOe. However, the increases on the 6c and 18f sites are smaller than those observed on the 9d and 18h sites; changes which are in agreement with changes in the magnetic moments observed by neutron diffraction and calculated for the nitrogenation of Nd2Fe17, Gd2Fe 17, and Y2Fe17.
G. J. Long et al., "A Mössbauer Effect Study of the Microscopic Magnetic Properties of Th2Fe17 and Its Nitride, Th2Fe17N2.6," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 2598-2603, American Institute of Physics (AIP), Mar 1994.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.356234
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