Title

A Neutron Diffraction and Mössbauer Effect Study of the Magnetic Properties of Pr₂Fe₁₇ and Pr₂Fe₁₇N₂.₆

Abstract

The neutron diffraction powder patterns of Pr2Fe17 and Pr2Fe17N2.6 have been measured at 295 K and refined within the Th2Zn17 structure type to give the structural changes which occur upon nitrogenation; changes which include a 6.4% expansion of the unit cell volume. The Mössbauer spectra of Pr 2Fe17 and Pr2Fe17N2.6 have been measured between 85 and 295 K and analyzed with a model which is based on the Wigner-Seitz cell environment of each iron site, the basal orientation of the magnetization, and a comparison with the Mössbauer spectra of Nd2Fe17 and Nd2Fe17N2.6. Upon nitrogenation of Pr2Fe17, the 85 K-weighted average isomer shift increases from 0.049 to 0.156 mm/s, and the isomer shifts of the four crystallographically distinct iron sites increase in agreement with the increase found in their Wigner-Seitz cell volumes and the presence of a nitrogen near-neighbor for the 18f and 18h sites. The temperature dependence of the isomer shifts indicates an increase in covalency upon the formation of the nitride. Upon nitrogenation of Pr2Fe17, the 85 K-weighted average hyperfine field increases from 286.2 to 331.9 kOe, however, as is the case for the nitrogenation of Nd2Fe17, the increases on the 6c and 18f sites are much smaller than those observed on the 9d and 18h sites. These changes provide support for the band structure calculations of changes in the magnetic moments upon nitrogenation of Y2Fe 17, Nd2Fe17, and Gd2Fe17.

Department(s)

Chemistry

Second Department

Physics

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1993 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.


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