Electrochemical Synthesis and Sintering of Nanocrystalline Cerium(IV) Oxide Powders
Nanocrystalline CeO2 powders were prepared electrochemically by the cathodic electrogeneration of base, and their sintering behavior was investigated. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy revealed that the as-prepared powders were crystalline cerium(IV) oxide with the cubic fluorite structure. the lattice parameter of the electrogenerated material was 0.5419 nm. the powders consisted of nonaggregated, faceted particles. the average crystallite size was a function of the solution temperature. It increased from 10 nm at 29°C to 14 nm at 80°C. Consolidated powders were sintered in air at both a constant heating rate of 10°C/min and under isothermal conditions. the temperature at which sintering started (750°C) for nanocrystalline CeO2 powders was only about 100°C lower than that of coarser-grained powders (850°C). However, the sintering rate was enhanced. the temperature at which shrinkage stopped was 200°-300°C lower with the nanoscale powder than with micrometer-sized powders. a sintered specimen with 99.8% of theoretical density and a grain size of about 350 nm was obtained by sintering at 1300°C for 2 h.
Y. Zhou et al., "Electrochemical Synthesis and Sintering of Nanocrystalline Cerium(IV) Oxide Powders," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Wiley-Blackwell, Jan 1995.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1995.tb08425.x
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