Temperature-Dependence Studies of Photorefractive Effect in a Low Glass-Transition-Temperature Polymer Composite
The temperature dependence of the photorefractive effect in a polymer composite containing poly(9-vinycarbazole), tricresyl phosphate, buckminsterfullerene, and 4-(N,N-diethylamino)-β-nitrostyrene is presented. The photoconductive, electro-optic and photorefractive properties of the material have been studied in the temperature range of 22-61°C. An apparent increase of electro-optic modulation with temperature and its eventual saturation is observed. This behavior is attributed to the temperature activated orientational mobility of the second-order nonlinear chromophores. The polarization anisotropy between the p- and s-polarized readouts is consistent with what would be expected on the basis of directly measured effective electro-optic coefficients. By correlating the electro-optic value with the diffraction efficiency, the temperature dependence of the space-charge field is obtained and explained by temperature dependencies of the dark conductivity and the photoconductivity of the material. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.
B. Swedek et al., "Temperature-Dependence Studies of Photorefractive Effect in a Low Glass-Transition-Temperature Polymer Composite," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 82, no. 12, pp. 5923-5931, American Institute of Physics (AIP), Dec 1997.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.366493
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© 1997 American Institute of Physics (AIP), All rights reserved.