The pure rotational transitions of H2-AuCl have been measured using a pulsed-jet cavity Fourier transform microwave spectrometer equipped with a laser ablation source. The structure was found to be T-shaped, with the H-H bond interacting with the gold atom. Both 35Cl and 37Cl isotopologues have been measured for both ortho and para states of H2. Rotational constants, quartic centrifugal distortion constants, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants for gold and chlorine have been determined. The use of the nuclear spin-nuclear spin interaction terms Daa, Dbb, and Dcc for H2 were required to fit the ortho state of hydrogen, as well as a nuclear-spin rotation constant Caa. The values of the nuclear quadrupole coupling constant of gold are Xaa=-817.9929(35) MHz, Xbb=504.0(27) MHz, and Xcc=314.0(27). This is large compared to the eQq of AuCl, 9.63 312(13) MHz, which indicates a strong, covalent interaction between gold and dihydrogen.
D. A. Obenchain et al., "The Covalent Interaction between Dihydrogen and Gold: a Rotational Spectroscopic Study of H₂-AuCl," Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 146, no. 20, American Institute of Physics (AIP), May 2017.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983042
Keywords and Phrases
Laser ablation; Spectrometers; Spectroscopic analysis; Spin dynamics, Centrifugal distortion constants; Covalent interactions; Fourier transform microwave spectrometer; Isotopologues; Nuclear quadrupole coupling constants; Pure rotational transitions; Rotational constants; Spectroscopic studies, Gold
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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