Chemical Carcinogens in Non-Enzymatic Cytosine Deamination: 3-Isocyanatoacrylonitrile
Uracil has long been known as the main product of nitrosative cytosine deamination in aqueous solution. Recent mechanistic studies of cytosinediazonium ion suggest that the cation formed by its dediazoniation can ring-open to N-protonated (Z,s-cis)-3-isocyanatoacrylonitrile 7. Stereochemical preferences are discussed of the 3-isocyanatoacrylonitriles (Z,s-cis)-10, (E,s-cis)-11, (Z, s-trans)-12, and (E,s-trans)-13. The electronic structures of 7 and 10-13 have been analyzed and a rationale is provided for the thermodynamic preference for (Z,s-cis)-10. It is shown that s-cis/s-trans-interconversion occurs via C-N rotation-inversion paths with barriers below 3 kcal mol-1. The proton affinities of 3-isocyanatoacrylonitrile 10 and water are nearly identical and, thus, 3-isocyanatoacrylonitriles can and should be formed in aqueous media from 7 along with 3-aminoacrylonitriles 9. The results highlight the relevance of the chemistry of 3-isocyanatoacrylonitriles for the understanding of the chemical toxicology of nitrosation of the nucleobase cytosine.
R. Glaser et al., "Chemical Carcinogens in Non-Enzymatic Cytosine Deamination: 3-Isocyanatoacrylonitrile," Journal of Molecular Modeling, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 731-737, Springer Verlag, Jul 2006.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00894-005-0048-0
Keywords and Phrases
3 Aminoacrylonitrile Derivative; 3 Isocyanatoacrylonitrile Derivative; Carbon; Cytosine; Nitrogen; Nucleic Acid Base; Proton; Toxic Substance; Unclassified Drug; Water; Aqueous Solution; Binding Affinity; Chemical Structure; Cis Trans Isomerism; Controlled Study; Deamination; Nitrosation; Rotation; Stereochemistry; Structure Analysis; Thermodynamics; Acrylonitrile; Carcinogens; Cytidine; Imaging; Three-Dimensional; Isocyanates; Models; Molecular; Molecular Conformation; Protons; Thermodynamics; Ab Initio; Carcinogenesis; Chemical Toxicology; Electronic Structure; Inversion; Non-Covalent Bonding; Rotational Barrier
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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