Alkylammonium Cation Intercalation into Ti₃C₂ (MXene): Effects on Properties and Ion-Exchange Capacity Estimation
Ti3C2Tx+ ions was produced and ion-exchanged with a series of trimethylalkylammonium (AA) cations of increasing alkyl chain length. A discontinuous expansion in the MXene layer spacing was observed, attributed to complete packing of the interlayer space at a critical chain length. The latter was used to estimate the number of cations per Ti3C2 formula unit, which was found to be in good agreement with a similar quantification obtained from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. The system was also modeled using density functional theory and molecular dynamics, arriving at cation concentrations in the same range. The intercalated AA cations led to tunable increases in resistivity of the normally highly electrically conductive MXene and were investigated as interlayer pillars in electrochemical capacitors.
M. Ghidiu et al., "Alkylammonium Cation Intercalation into Ti₃C₂ (MXene): Effects on Properties and Ion-Exchange Capacity Estimation," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 1099-1106, American Chemical Society (ACS), Mar 2017.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b04234
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