Onium-Poly(Hydrogen Fluorides): Convenient Ionic Liquids for Fluorination and Acid Catalysis
Onium polyhydrogen fluorides as room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have found a wide variety of applications in organic chemistry. They are used as ionic solvents, fluorinating agents and as Bronsted acid catalysts in organic synthesis. A variety of industrially important reactions such as fluorinations, halofluorinations, electrophilic alkylations, nitrations, and hydrocarbon isomerization reactions have been carried out using them. This short review covers some slected salient recent applications of these intriguing ionic liquids.
G. A. Olah et al., "Onium-Poly(Hydrogen Fluorides): Convenient Ionic Liquids for Fluorination and Acid Catalysis," ACS Symposium Series, vol. 950, pp. 36-57, American Chemical Society, Jan 2007.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bk-2007-0950.ch004
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