Title

Li3Fe2(HPO3)3Cl: An Electroactive Iron Phosphite as a New Polyanionic Cathode Material for Li-Ion Battery

Abstract

A novel lithium containing iron-chlorophosphite, Li3Fe2(HPO3)3Cl has been synthesized by employing low melting phosphorous acid flux. The single-crystal X-ray structure determination established that the compound has a 3-dimensional structure built up by edge-shared octahedral dimers and phosphite moieties that create narrow channels along the a- and b-axis. Two crystallographically independent Li ions are located in those channels. The compound was further characterized by TGA, IR, magnetic measurements, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Magnetic measurements indicate that the compound has a field-induced metamagnetic transition. In this article we report for the first time an iron chloro-phosphite, Li3Fe2(HPO3)3Cl, as a new polyanion-based cathode with a promising electrochemical activity that shows an average voltage of 3.1 V vs. Li+/Li for the Fe2+/Fe3+ redox couple and a reversible capacity of 70 mA h g-1. Details of electrochemical studies including cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge, and electro-impedance spectroscopy are reported here.

Department(s)

Chemistry

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

20507488

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2015 Royal Society of Chemistry, All rights reserved.


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