Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Carboxylated and Polyethylene-glycolated Bifunctionalized InP/ZnS Quantum Dots in Cellular Internalization Mediated by Cell-penetrating Peptides
Semiconductor nanoparticles, also known as quantum dots (QDs), are widely used in biomedical imaging studies and pharmaceutical research. Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are a group of small peptides that are able to traverse cell membrane and deliver a variety of cargoes into living cells. CPPs deliver QDs into cells with minimal nonspecific absorption and toxic effect. in this study, water-soluble, monodisperse, carboxyl-functionalized indium phosphide (InP)/zinc sulfide (ZnS) QDs coated with polyethylene glycol lipids (designated QInP) were synthesized for the first time. the physicochemical properties (optical absorption, fluorescence and charging state) and cellular internalization of QInP and CPP/QInP complexes were characterized. CPPs noncovalently interact with QInP in vitro to form stable CPP/QInP complexes, which can then efficiently deliver QInP into human A549 cells. the introduction of 500. nM of CPP/QInP complexes and QInP at concentrations of less than 1. μM did not reduce cell viability. These results indicate that carboxylated and polyethylene-glycolylated (PEGylated) bifunctionalized QInP are biocompatible nanoparticles with potential for use in biomedical imaging studies and drug delivery applications.
B. Liu et al., "Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Carboxylated and Polyethylene-glycolated Bifunctionalized InP/ZnS Quantum Dots in Cellular Internalization Mediated by Cell-penetrating Peptides," Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 111, pp. 162-170, Elsevier, Jan 2013.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.05.038
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