Reflection-mode Micro-Spherical Fiber-optic Probes for In vitro Real-time and Single-cell Level pH Sensing
pH sensing at the single-cell level without negatively affecting living cells is very important but still a remaining issue in the biomedical studies. A 70 µm reflection-mode fiber-optic micro-pH sensor was designed and fabricated by dip-coating thin layer of organically modified aerogel onto a tapered spherical probe head. A pH sensitive fluorescent dye 2',7'-Bis (2-carbonylethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF) was employed and covalently bonded within the aerogel networks. By tuning the alkoxide mixing ratio and adjusting hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) priming procedure, the sensor can be optimized to have high stability and pH sensing ability. The in vitro real-time sensing capability was then demonstrated in a simple spectroscopic way, and showed linear measurement responses with a pH resolution up to an average of 0.049 pH unit within a narrow, but biological meaningful pH range of 6.12–7.81. Its novel characterizations of high spatial resolution, reflection mode operation, fast response and high stability, great linear response within biological meaningful pH range and high pH resolutions, make this pH probe a very cost-effective tool for chemical/biological sensing, especially within the single cell level research field.
Q. Yang et al., "Reflection-mode Micro-Spherical Fiber-optic Probes for In vitro Real-time and Single-cell Level pH Sensing," Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical, vol. 207, no. A, pp. 571-580, Elsevier, Feb 2015.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2014.10.107
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
PH Sensing; Tapered Optical Fiber Spherical Sensor; ORMOSILs Ultra-thin Layer Coating; Single-cell Level Sensing
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2015 Elsevier, All rights reserved.