Funnel-like Flow Generated Electrochemically in Paramagnetic Media by the Two Paramagnetic Body Forces
We describe a new type of convection in paramagnetic media generated with ferromagnetic electrodes in magnetic fields perpendicular to the electrode surface. That convection mechanism is attributed solely to the paramagnetic body forces F[del]B and F[del]C and all experimental evidence indicates that the presence of both is important. Based on the direction of the two forces, it is speculated that the solution follows a funnel-like low pattern whereas fresh solution is taken in from the edges of a disk electrode and is expelled out from the center.
N. Leventis et al., "Funnel-like Flow Generated Electrochemically in Paramagnetic Media by the Two Paramagnetic Body Forces," ECS Transactions, vol. 13, no. 16, pp. 25-31, The Electrochemical Society (ECS), Jan 2008.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.3000678
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