A Poly-p-nitrostyrene on Platinum Electrode
Polymer charging kinetics and electrocatalysis of organic dihalide reductions
Platinum electrodes were modified by dip coating them with poly-p-nitrostyrene from a N,N-dimethylformamide solution. The coated electrodes were dried and then used for electrochemical studies in dry acetonitrile containing tetraalkylammonium fluoroborate electrolytes. Cyclic voltammetry showed that cycling the potential of these electrodes from -1.0 to -1.8 V vs. a Ag/AgNO3 reference produced some initial desorption and formation of a stable polymer layer which was charged and discharged with peak potentials of -1.6 V. The peak shapes and the dependence of the voltammograms on the sweep rate, electrolyte cation, and amount of adsorbed polymer provided evidence about the structure and about the kinetics and thermodynamics of charging. The catalyzed reduction of 1,2-dibromo-1,2-diphenylethane to stilbene was investigated using cyclic voltammetry and preparative electrolysis. It was shown that the efficiency of catalysis increased to a limiting value as the amount of chargeable polymer increased. High efficiencies for reduction of this dihalide (3 mm) in acetonitrile could be obtained with layers corresponding to a surface charge of 4 nM cm-2. The turnover number for catalyst sites was estimated to be 104. © 1980 American Chemical Society.
J. B. Kerr et al., "A Poly-p-nitrostyrene on Platinum Electrode," Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society (ACS), Jan 1980.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00530a014
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© 1980 American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.