Improved Polymer Nanocomposite Dielectric Breakdown Performance through Barium Titanate to Epoxy Interface Control
A composite approach to dielectric design has the potential to provide improved permittivity as well as high breakdown strength and thus afford greater electrical energy storage density. Interfacial coupling is an effective approach to improve the polymer-particle composite dielectric film resistance to charge flow and dielectric breakdown. A bi-functional interfacial coupling agent added to the inorganic oxide particles' surface assists dispersion into the thermosetting epoxy polymer matrix and upon composite cure reacts covalently with the polymer matrix. The composite then retains the glass transition temperature of pure polymer, provides a reduced Maxwell-Wagner relaxation of the polymer-particle composite, and attains a reduced sensitivity to dielectric breakdown compared to particle epoxy composites that lack interfacial coupling between the composite filler and polymer matrix. Besides an improved permittivity, the breakdown strength and thus energy density of a covalent interface nanoparticle barium titanate in epoxy composite dielectric film, at a 5 vol.% particle concentration, was significantly improved compared to a pure polymer dielectric film. The interfacially bonded, dielectric composite film had a permittivity ∼6.3 and at a 30 μm thickness achieved a calculated energy density of 4.6 J/cm3.
S. Siddabattuni et al., "Improved Polymer Nanocomposite Dielectric Breakdown Performance through Barium Titanate to Epoxy Interface Control," Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, Elsevier, Jan 2011.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2011.07.025
Materials Science and Engineering
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