Title

The Dynamics of the Guests in Filled Germanium Clathrates

Abstract

In the filled gallium-germanium clathrates, R8Ga16Ge30, where R is Ba, Sr, or Eu, the guests are located in two large cages and are weakly bound to the crystalline clathrate framework. The caged guests exhibit a localized "rattling" vibrational mode that provides an efficient mechanism for reducing the thermal conductivity. Inelastic neutron scattering and nuclear inelastic scattering measurements have yielded the phonon density of states in R8Ga16Ge30', the line width of the localized vibrational modes is found to be an important parameter in determining the lattice thermal conductivity. Neutron diffraction studies on R8Ga16Ge30 have shown that the guests in the larger cage are located off-center, and it was proposed that their jumping about the four off-center locations is responsible for the observed glass-like thermal conductivity at temperatures below 10 K. The detection of such slow guest motion is challenging because the typical time and energy scales involved are ca. 4 ns and 1 µeV, respectively. We have studied the slow europium tunneling dynamics in Eu4Sr4Ga16Ge30 by both Mössbauer and microwave absorption spectroscopy.

Meeting Name

2005 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting (2005: Nov. 28-Dec. 1, Boston, MA)

Department(s)

Chemistry

Keywords and Phrases

Crystalline Clathrates; Europium Tunneling Dynamics; Inelastic Neutron Scattering; Inelastic Scattering; Microwave Absorption Spectroscopy; Absorption Spectroscopy; Crystalline Materials; Elasticity; Neutron Scattering; Parameter Estimation; Phonons; Thermal Conductivity; Thermal Effects; Vibration Control; Zeolites; Semiconducting Germanium

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

1558998403; 9781558998407

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2729172

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2006 Materials Research Society, All rights reserved.

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