Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) for Degrdation of Nerve Agent Simulant Parathion
Degradation of Parathion, a simulant of nerve agent VX, has been studied on Fe 3+, Fe 2+ and zerovalent iron supported on chitosan. Chitosan, a naturally occurring biopolymer derivative of chitin, is a very good adsorbent for several metals. Chitosan is used as supporting biopolymer for forming metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Chitosan powder was dissolved in 10% oxalic acid to make a gel. Ferric chloride or ferrous chloride solution or iron powder was added to the gel. The composite gel was formed in to beads by dropping the gel into sodium hydroxide solution using a peristaltic pump. The beads were washed, dried and cross-linked using glutarldehyde. Sorption and degradation of parathion in aqueous solutions were experimentally studied in the present work in batch as well as in continuous flow mode using all the three forms of iron supported chitosan beads. Batch studies were performed in vials with chitosan-iron MOF beads and known volume of the simulant solution in water of known concentration at room temperature. The solution was allowed to react for 16 hours after which the beads were separated from the solution. The solution was analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The analysis showed degradation of the simulant. The degradation efficiency was highest when Fe 3+ supported chitosan was used. Some degradation also occurred with unsupported beads, but the degradation was much less than with other forms of iron supported beads. Results from these studies also indicate that Fe3+ supported chitosan has the highest removal rate of all three forms of iron supported chitosans. Removal rates exceeding 90% were obtained. Routes of degradation were identified from Electron Spray Ionization-Mass Spectroscopy (ESI-MS) analysis.
R. N. Halder et al., "Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) for Degrdation of Nerve Agent Simulant Parathion," AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings, American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), Jan 2011.
Article - Conference proceedings
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