Title

Poly(amide-imide)/Silica Supported PEI Hollow Fiber Sorbents for Postcombustion CO₂ Capture by RTSA

Abstract

Amine-loaded poly(amide-imide) (PAI)/silica hollow fiber sorbents are created and used in a rapid temperature swing adsorption (RTSA) system for CO₂ capture under simulated postcombustion flue gas conditions. Poly(ethylenimine) (PEI) is infused into the PAI/mesoporous silica hollow fiber sorbents during fiber solvent exchange steps after fiber spinning. A lumen-side barrier layer is also successfully formed on the bore side of PAI/silica hollow fiber sorbents by using a mixture of Neoprene with cross-linking agents in a post-treatment process. The amine loaded fibers are tested in shell-and-tube modules by exposure on the shell side at 1 atm and 35°C to simulated flue gas with an inert tracer (14 mol % CO2, 72 mol % N2, and 14 mol % He, at 100% relative humidity (RH)). The fibers show a breakthrough CO₂ capacity of 0.85 mmol/g-fiber and a pseudoequilibrium CO₂ uptake of 1.19 mmol/g-fiber. When tested in the temperature range of 35-75°C, the PAI/silica/PEI fiber sorbents show a maximum CO₂ capacity at 65°C, owing to a trade-off between thermodynamic and kinetic factors. To overcome mass transfer limitations in rigidified PEI infused in the silica, an alternate PEI infusion method using a glycerol/PEI/methanol mixture is developed, and the CO₂ sorption performance is improved significantly, effectively doubling the functional sorption capacity. Specifically, the glycerol-plasticized sorbents are found to have a breakthrough and equilibrium CO₂ capacity of 1.3 and 2.0 mmol/g of dry fiber sorbent at 35°C, respectively. Thus, this work demonstrates two PAI-based sorbents that are optimized for different sorption conditions with the PAI/silica/PEI sorbents operating effectively at 65°C and the PAI/silica/PEI-glycerol sorbents operating well at 35°C with significantly improved sorption capacity.

Department(s)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Amides; Crosslinking; Fibers; Flue Gases; Flues; Glycerol; Inert Gases; Mixtures; Polyamideimides; Polyetherimides; Silica; Sorbents; Sorption; Spinning (Fibers); Cross Linking Agents; Hollow Fiber Sorbents; Mass Transfer Limitation; Post-Treatment Process; RTSA; Simulated Flue Gas; Sorption Capacities; Sorption Performance; Carbon Dioxide; CO2 Capture; PAI; PEI

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1944-8244; 1944-8252

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2014 American Chemical Society (ACS), All rights reserved.

PubMed ID

25275334

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