Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane to Propylene with Carbon Dioxide
Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane in the presence of carbon dioxide (ODPC) is a sustainable approach and an attractive catalytic route for propylene production with less environmental footprint than the conventional oxidative dehydrogenation path with oxygen. Researchers have considered CO₂ as a mild oxidant that can overcome the problems of over-oxidation and low propylene selectivity, that are typically associated with the current synthesis routes. This article provides a critical review on the current mechanistic understanding of three different catalyst types used in the ODPC reaction based on experimental studies; (i) zeolites with different frameworks, (ii) porous materials-supported metal oxides, and (iii) transition metal oxides and other metal catalysts. A detailed review of the literature compares the framework, pore structure, nature of active sites, reducibility, and the role of promoters and supports for each type of catalytic materials in the absence and presence of CO₂, and is followed by a thorough discussion on the promotional effects of CO₂ as a soft oxidant on C-H bond scission. Future directions with respect to materials design, synthesis and reaction conditions are also discussed.
M. A. Atanga et al., "Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane to Propylene with Carbon Dioxide," Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 220, pp. 429-445, Elsevier, Jan 2018.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.08.052
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Catalysts; Dehydrogenation; Oxidants; Porous Materials; Propane; Propylene; Transition Metal Compounds; Transition Metals; Catalytic Materials; Environmental Footprints; ODP Reaction; Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propanes; Oxidative Dehydrogenations; Propylene Production; Propylene Selectivity; Transition-Metal Oxides; Carbon Dioxide; Propane; Propylene
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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