Formation of Polyurethane from Bio-Based Materials
Polyurethanes have a wide range of applications in automobile seating, bedding, footwear, thermal insulation, and hard structural parts. Bio-based polyurethane is desirable as a renewable material. Vegetable oils have been considered for making polyurethanes since they are readily available, biodegradable, and have a low toxicity. Vegetable oils are triglycerides with different fatty acid chains which depend on the plant and the growing conditions. The chemical and physical properties of the oil depend on the degree of unsaturation. Oil derived from algae is a viable option as a polyurethane precursor because algae have a high yield compared to other oil sources and can grow in a variety of conditions. Different algae oils can be considered based on the desired fatty acids and the degree of unsaturation. In this work, castor oil was used as a surrogate for algae oil as it is more readily available and the same process can be used in polyurethane formation. The polyurethane was formed by the creation of a polyol through the ring opening of epoxidized castor oil which was reacted with diphenylmethane diisocyanate.
A. R. Loftis et al., "Formation of Polyurethane from Bio-Based Materials," AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings, American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), Jan 2011.
2011 AIChE Annual Meeting
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Bio-based Materials; Caster Oil; Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate; Fatty Acid Chains; Growing Conditions; High Yield; Low Toxicity; Oil Sources; Renewable Materials; Ring Opening; Structural Parts
Article - Conference proceedings
© 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), All rights reserved.