Ethylene - Methacrylic Acid Copolymers as Stress Whitening Suppressants in Polypropylenes
Impact-modified polypropylenes were prepared by incorporating copolymers of ethylenemethacrylic acid (E-MAA) with different cations (zinc or sodium) and varying degrees of neutralization. These blends gave low stress whitening on impact. This phenomenon was due to the unique morphology of the blend. It was found that unneutralized acid copolymer and the zinc ionomer formed chainlike structures in the polypropylene matrix. These uniform chains crisscrossed the polypropylene matrix providing impact strength to the matrix. the matrix deformed on impact by the shear yielding mechanism, thus suppressing stress whitening. the impact modifier in the matrix did not form micro crazes in the matrix but formed several layers of crisscrossing chains. on the other hand, the sodium ionomer did not form chainlike structures. the impact modifier was dispersed evenly in the matrix. This type of morphology resulted in a higher degree of stress whitening. the failure on impact was due to crazing and not by shear yielding. This size of the impact modifier in the polypropylene matrix varied significantly depending on the melt processing equipment used. the dependence of polymer alloy mechanical properties on the composition has been studied to help in ionomer comparison.
R. Rengarajan et al., "Ethylene - Methacrylic Acid Copolymers as Stress Whitening Suppressants in Polypropylenes," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Wiley, Jan 1992.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1992.070450214
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
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