Chemical Composition of Shale Oil I. Dependence on Oil Shale Origin
Shale oils obtained by nitrogen retorting of North Carolina, Cleveland, Ohio, Colorado, Rundle, Stuart, and Condor oil shales have been chemically characterized by g.c.-m.s. techniques. After species identification, chemical compositions of the shale oils have been related to the geological origins of the parent shales. Based on the characteristics observed in the chromatograms, eight semi-quantitative parameters have been used to describe the chromatograms. Six of these parameters describe the relative abundance and distribution of straight chain alkanes and alkenes in the chromatograms. The other two parameters represent the abundance, relative to the total amount of volatiles in the oil, of alkylbenzenes and alkylphenols.
M. E. Polasky et al., "Chemical Composition of Shale Oil I. Dependence on Oil Shale Origin," Fuel Science and Technology International, Taylor & Francis, Jan 1991.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08843759108942309
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
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